He was born in Prague on 3rd of July in 1883. He was a member of Jewish family of which he was the oldest child. He was not a lucky person when he was growing up, having lost his three sisters to a premature death during the Hallocaust. He did not get along well with his father and you can understand this hate of father through reading his novels. He was despised by many; many German people did not like him because he was Jewish and many Czech people did not like him because he spoke German.
From 1901 to 1906 he studied in Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague. He was studying Law. During his study he had a life-changing event in the meeting of Max Brod. After this initial meeting his life began to change, meeting with many important writers of the time, slowly entering the world of literature.
There were several different women in Kafka's life. As we know from his books, first one was Felice Bauer and the second one was Milena Jesenka. Milena was married but they sent letters to each other for years. The last person he was in a relationship with was Dora Diamant. But Kafka was not a happy in these romantic stories.
Let’s look at some books of him that came out of these stories:
This is one of the most famous books of Kafka. That famous phrase that is the most well known by Kafka is taken from this book - “Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams he found himself transformed in his bed into a gigantic insect.” The cause of Gregor's transformation is never revealed. The rest of Kafka's novel deals with Gregor's attempts to adjust to his new condition as he deals with being burdensome to his parents and sister, who are repelled by the horrible, verminous creature Gregor has become.
This is also one of his well-known works. On his thirtieth birthday, the chief cashier of a bank, Josef K., is unexpectedly arrested by two unidentified agents from an unspecified agency for an unspecified crime. The nature of his crime is revealed neither to him nor to the reader.
The Castle is a story of alienation, bureaucracy, and an endless attempt to stand against the system by the protagonist K. The main character reacts sometimes an enthusiasm for inclusion in the system and at other times with anger toward the system, in a search for a useless and hopeless way to progress towards an inaccessible goal. He could not finish this book because he of his death.
Other works of Franz Kafka:
• The Judgement (1913)
• Meditation (1913)
• In the Penal Colony (1914)
• A Country Doctor (1916)
• A Report to an Academy (1919)
• Letters to His Father (1919)
• The Burrow(1923)
• Josepine the Singer, or the Mouse Folk (1924)
• A Hunger Artist (1924)
• The Giant Mole (1931)
• The Great Wall of China (1933)
• Investigations of a Dog (1933)
• Before the Law (1933)
• Blumfield, an Elderly Bachelor (1933)
• Description of a Struggle (1936)
• The Diaries of Franz Kafka 1910-23 (1951)
• Letters to Milena (1952)
• Letters 1902-24 (1958) (ed. by M. Brod)
• Letters to Felice (1967)
• Letters to Ottla and the Family (1974)
• Letters to Friends, Family and Editors (1977)
You can still visit the house where the author was raised and the museum dedicated to the great work of this successful writer from Prague. This knowledge will allow you a view into this beautiful Czech city from a different perspective, that of the great Fanz Kafka.